Math Interventions - Generalization Interventions: The student has not done the academic task that way before.

 

Math Wise

Math Wise is a whole-class intervention for second-grade students. With Math Wise, students participate in lessons focused on addition and subtraction of single- and double-digit numbers.

Common Core Standards: Varied

Setting: Whole Class

Focus Area: Acquisition, Fluency and Generalization

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Keyword Mnemonics

Mnemonics are strategies and techniques that aid in memory.  A mnemonic keyword connects a new vocabulary word to students’ prior knowledge by using a visual depicting the definition to the new vocabulary word.  New vocabulary terms are introduced through a similar sounding word (keyword).  This keyword is illustrated in such a way that the keyword interacts with critical attributes of the definition of the new word.  Lastly, a sentence is created to connect the keyword to the new definition.

Common Core Standards: Varied

Setting: Whole Class, Small Group, Individual

Focus Area: Acquisition, Fluency and Generalization

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Interleaved Solutions and Problem Solving

The purpose of interleaving worked problems and problems to solve is to provide scaffolding through models or examples for students as they proceed through a set of math problems

Common Core Standards: Varied

Setting: Whole Class, Small Group, Individual

Focus Area: Acquisition, Fluency and Generalization

Full Intervention Brief: Interleaved Solutions and Problem Solving

Train Diversely

Academic or behavior problems may stem from lack of generalization. The student may know the skill but has not learned to generalize it to a new environment. Training and instruction can be adjusted to maximize potential for generalization. Trainers need to cautiously keep the balance between behavior acquisition (learning the behavior) and behavior robustness (how many environments can the trained behavior be used in?) Four ways to alter training in order to facilitate generalization: use sufficient stimulus exemplars, use sufficient response exemplars, make antecedents less discriminable, and make consequences less discriminable.

 

Incorporate Functional Mediators

Academic or behavior problems may stem from lack of generalization. The student may know the skill but has not learned to generalize it to a new environment. This method incorporates teaching with artificial cues (cues that are not naturally used in generalizing environment) which include using physical object cues, social cues, self-regulated physical object cues, and self-regulated verbal cues.

  • Full Intervention Brief: Incorporate Functional Mediators
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    Exploit Functional Contingencies

    Academic or behavior problems may stem from lack of generalization. The student may know the skill but has not learned to generalize it to a new environment. This generalization technique utilizes consequences found naturally in or artificially added to the environment in order to promote generalization of behavior. There are four ways to exploit natural functional contingencies: identify natural consequences, recruit natural consequences, modify maladaptive consequences, and reinforce occurrences of generalization.

  • Full Intervention Brief: Exploit Functional Contingencies
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    Reinforce Natural Occurrences

    Academic problems may stem from lack of generalization. The student may know the skill but has not learned to generalize it to a new environment. When that student naturally shows signs of generalization, reinforce the generalization.

  • Full Intervention Brief: Reinforce Natural Occurrences
  • Modeling Videos: Video 1
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