Reading Interventions - Generalization Interventions: The student has not done the academic task that way before.

 

Reading Peer-Assisted Learning Strategies (PALS)

Reading PALS is a whole-class peer-tutoring program that can be used with students from kindergarten through sixth grade and in high school. Students work on grade-level reading skills. The focus in kindergarten and first grade is on word recognition and fluency. The emphasis in second through sixth grade and in high school is fluency and reading comprehension. The PALS model allows for students to practice reading skills with immediate feedback and to have extensive reading practice.

Train Diversely

Academic or behavior problems may stem from lack of generalization. The student may know the skill but has not learned to generalize it to a new environment. Training and instruction can be adjusted to maximize potential for generalization. Trainers need to cautiously keep the balance between behavior acquisition (learning the behavior) and behavior robustness (how many environments can the trained behavior be used in?) Four ways to alter training in order to facilitate generalization: use sufficient stimulus exemplars, use sufficient response exemplars, make antecedents less discriminable, and make consequences less discriminable.

 

Incorporate Functional Mediators

Academic or behavior problems may stem from lack of generalization. The student may know the skill but has not learned to generalize it to a new environment. This method incorporates teaching with artificial cues (cues that are not naturally used in generalizing environment) which include using physical object cues, social cues, self-regulated physical object cues, and self-regulated verbal cues.

  • Full Intervention Brief: Incorporate Functional Mediators
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    Exploit Functional Contingencies

    Academic or behavior problems may stem from lack of generalization. The student may know the skill but has not learned to generalize it to a new environment. This generalization technique utilizes consequences found naturally in or artificially added to the environment in order to promote generalization of behavior. There are four ways to exploit natural functional contingencies: identify natural consequences, recruit natural consequences, modify maladaptive consequences, and reinforce occurrences of generalization.

  • Full Intervention Brief: Exploit Functional Contingencies
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    Reinforce Natural Occurrences

    Academic problems may stem from lack of generalization. The student may know the skill but has not learned to generalize it to a new environment. When that student naturally shows signs of generalization, reinforce the generalization.

  • Full Intervention Brief: Reinforce Natural Occurrences
  • Modeling Videos: Video 1
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