Schema-Based Instruction / Schema-Broadening Instruction Additive Schemas (addition and subtraction)

A schema is a way to organize or pattern information within a structured framework of known and unknown information.  Within word-problem work, the learner identifies the type of problem (i.e., schema), which lends itself to solving the problem using a given organizational pattern. The main focus of Schema-Based Instruction or Schema-Broadening Instruction (SBI) is to teach word-problem solving using identification of a problem schema, representation using diagrams or equations to represent the schema, and solving the word problem. Scaffolding of student learning is provided throughout.

Common Core Standards: Operations and Algebraic Thinking (K-5), Numbers and Operations in Base Ten (K-5) and Numbers and Operations – Fractions (3-5)

Setting: Whole Class, Small Group or Individual

Focus Area: Acquisition, Fluency and Generalization

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