Definition: Assessment that takes place at the end of a lesson, unit, or course of study. Formally evaluates student learning of a specific range of content.
Why it matters: It provides formal evaluation of the student’s learning and the teacher’s instruction. It can be compared across students, classes, schools, states, and even countries. It allows for student and teacher comparison/evaluation and informs overall education objectives.
Example of use: End of unit test, end of course exam, and high stakes testing associated with No Child Left Behind.
Black, P. J. (1998). Testing, friend or foe?: the theory and practice of assessment and testing (Vol. 3). Psychology Press.
Duckett, B. (2009). A Dictionary of Education. Reference Reviews, 23(5), 21-22.