Definition: Mandated by No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB), requires states to implement a single accountability system to evidence yearly progress toward state academic content standards for every student. States have some flexibility in defining and measuring AYP, but state tests are the primary measurement.
Why it matters: If a school district fails to meet AYP for two consecutive years then it is identified as in need of improvement. States develop their own rewards and sanctions, but at minimum low-performing schools have to notify parents of their status, students may transfer to another school, supplemental services must be provided, and the school must be provided additional assistance. If a school continues to fail then it may be restructured.
Additional Criteria: 95% of all students as well as 95% of each sub-group of students must take the state tests each year and each sub-group, including students with disabilities, must meet or exceed the annual expectations set by the state. Progress is tested yearly for grades 3 through 8 and in one grade in high school for reading/language arts and math. All students are to be proficient by 2013/2014.
Schwarz, R. D., Yen, W. M., & Schafer, W. D. (2001). The challenge and attainability of goals for adequate yearly progress. Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 20(3), 26-33.
Yell, M. L. (2012). The law and special education (3rd ed.). Merrill/Prentice-Hall, Inc., 200 Old Tappan Road, Old Tappan, NJ 07675.