Definition: A change in the way a test or assessment is administered or responded to by the student. Categorized by setting, timing, scheduling, presentation, and method of responding.
Why it matters: Accommodations are required by law (IDEA, NCLB).
Example of use: Putting materials in braille for a student that is blind or giving extra time on a reading test for a student with a learning disability.
Farah, Y. N. (2013). Through Another’s eyes: Modification or accommodation in standardized testing? Gifted Child Today, 36(3), 209-212.
Niebling, B. C., & Elliott, S. N. (2005). Testing accommodations and inclusive assessment practices. Assessment for Effective Intervention, 31(1), 1-6. doi:10.1177/073724770503100101