Definition: Changes content in order to allow access and for the material(s) to be appropriate for the individual.
Why it matters: Modifications are required in order to provide FAPE.
Example of use: A student in a general education Geometry class is assessed by his ability to identify basic shapes only.
Farah, Y. N. (2013). Through Another’s eyes: Modification or accommodation in standardized testing? Gifted Child Today, 36(3), 209-212.
Niebling, B. C., & Elliott, S. N. (2005). Testing accommodations and inclusive assessment practices. Assessment for Effective Intervention, 31(1), 1-6. doi:10.1177/073724770503100101