Although there is a wealth of existing behavioral interventions, many rely solely on teacher implementation, require significant attention, and may be difficult to apply consistently (Briesch & Chafouleas, 2009).  In contrast, self-management interventions make students responsible for tracking their own behavior.  At the core of self-management, is self-monitoring where students are provide with the definitions of target behaviors and prompted to record their performance during instruction.  By becoming aware of their own behavior, students are given the opportunity to recruit naturally occurring reinforcers.  Several components are often used in addition to self-monitoring including goal setting, self-charting, and self-evaluation paired with reinforcement (Briesch & Chafouleas, 2009).

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